The History of Protestantism




Holy Bible
By the Rev. J. A. Wylie LL.D.
author of "The Papacy," Daybreak in Spain," & C.
Essential Reading



Protestantism, the sacred cause of God’s Light and Truth against the Devil’s

Falsity and Darkness.”—Carlyle.



taken from the edition published by

Cassell & Company, Limited:

London, Paris & New York.


CONTENTS

Book One

Progress from the First to the Fourth Century

Book Seven

Protestantism in England, From the Times of Wicliffe
to Those of Henry VIII

Book Two

Wicliffe and His Times, or Advent of Protestantism

Book Eight

History of Protestantism in Switzerland from A.D.
1516 to its Establishment at Zurich, 1525

Book Three

John Huss and the Hussite Wars

Book Nine

History of Protestantism from the Diet of Worms,
1521, to the Augusburg Confession, 1530

Book Four

Christendom at the Opening of the Sixteenth Century

Book Ten

Rise and Establishment of Protestantism in Sweden
and Denmark

Book Five

History of Protestantism in Germany to the Leipsic Disputation, 1519

Book Eleven 

Protestantism in Switzerland from its Establishment
in 
Zurich (1525) to the Death of Zwingle (1631)

Book Six
From the Leipsic Disputaton to the Diet at Worms, 1521

Book Twelve

Protestantism in Germany from the Augsburg
Confession to the Peace of Passau

Chapter Contents

Book First
Read
Progress from the First to the Fourth Century


Chapter I.
Protestantism.
Chapter II.
Declension of the Early Christian Church.


Chapter III.
Development of the Papacy from the Times of Constantine to Those of
Hildebrand.

Chapter IV.
Development of the Papacy from Gregory VII. To Boniface VIII.


Chapter V.
 Mediaeval Protestant Witnesses.


Chapter VI.
The Waldenses—Their Valleys.


Chapter VII.
The Waldenses—Their Missions and Martyrdoms.

Chapter VIII.
The Paulicians.

Chapter IX
Crusades against the Albigenses

Chapter X.
Erection of Tribunal of Inquisition.

Chapter XI.
Protestants before Protestantism.

Chapter XII.
Abelard, and Rise of Modern Scepticism.
Book Second
Read
Wicliffe and His Times, or Advent of Protestantism



Chapter I.
Wicliffe: His Birth and Education.

Chapter II.
Wicliffe, and the Pope’s Encroachments on England.

Chapter III.
Wicliffe’s Battle with Rome for England’s Independence.

Chapter IV.
Wicliffe’s Battle with the Mendicant Friars.

Chapter V.
The Friars Versus the Gospel in England.

Chapter VI
The Battle of the Parliament with the Pope.

Chapter VII.
Persecution of Wicliffe by the Pope and the Hierarchy.

Chapter VIII.
Hierarchical Persecution of Wicliffe Resumed.

Chapter IX.
Wicliffe’s Views on Church Property and Church Reform.

Chapter X.
The Translation of the Scriptures, or the English Bible.

Chapter XI.
Wicliffe and Transubstantiation.

Chapter XII.
Wicliffe’s Appeal to Parliament.

Chapter XIII.
Wicliffe Before Convocation in Person, and Before the Roman Curia by
Letter.

Chapter XIV.
Wicliffe’s Last Days.

Chapter XV.
Wicliffe’s Theological and Church System.
Book Third
Read
John Huss and the Hussite Wars.
Chapter I.
Birth, Education, and First Labours of Huss.

Chapter II.
Huss Begins His Warfare Against Rome.

Chapter III.
Growing Opposition of Huss to Rome.

Chapter IV.
Preparations for the Council of Constance.

Chapter V.
Deposition of the Rival Popes.

Chapter VI.
Imprisonment and Examination of Huss.

Chapter VII.
Condemnation and Martyrdom of Huss.

Chapter VIII.
Wicliffe and Huss Compared in Their Theology, Their Character, and Their Labours.

Chapter IX.
Trial and Temptation of Jerome.

Chapter X.
The Trial of Jerome.

Chapter XI.
Condemnation and Burning of Jerome.

Chapter XII.
Wicliffe, Huss, and Jerome, or the Three First Witnesses of Modern Christendom.

Chapter XIII.
The Hussite Wars.

Chapter XIV.
Commencement of the Hussite Wars.

Chapter XV.
Marvellous Genius of Ziska as a General.

Chapter XVI.
Second Crusade Against Bohemia.

Chapter XVII.
Brilliant Successes of the Hussites.

Chapter XVIII.
The Council of Basle.

Chapter XIX.
Last Scenes of the Bohemian Reformation.



Book Fourth
Read
Christendom at the Opening of the Sixteenth Century.


Chapter I.
Protestantism and Mediaevalism.

Chapter II.
The Empire.

Chapter III.
The Papacy, or Christendom Under the Tiara.
Book Fifth
Read
History of Protestantism in Germany to the
Leipsic
Disputation, 1519.


Chapter I.
Luther’s Birth, Childhood, and School-days.

Chapter II.
Luther’s College Life.

Chapter III.
Luther’s Life in the Convent.

Chapter IV.
Luther the Monk Becomes Luther the Reformer.

Chapter V.
Luther as Priest, Professor, and Preacher.

Chapter VI.
Luther’s Journey to Rome.

Chapter VII.
Luther in Rome.

Chapter VIII.
Tetzel Preaches Indulgences.

Chapter IX.
The “Theses.”

Chapter X.
Luther Attacked by Tetzel, Prierio, and Eck.


Chapter XI.
Luther’s Journey to Augsburg.

Chapter XII.
Luther’s Appearance before Cardinal Cajetan.

Chapter XIII.
Luther’s Return to Wittemberg and Labours There.

Chapter XIV.
Miltitz—Carlstadt—Dr. Eck.

Chapter XV.
The Leipsic Disputation.
Book Sixth
Read
From the Leipsic Disputation to the
Diet at Worms, 1521.


Chapter I.
Protestantism and Imperialism; or, the Monk and the Monarch.

Chapter II.
Pope Leo’s Bull.

Chapter III.
Interviews and Negotiations.

Chapter IV.
Luther Summoned to the Diet at Worms.

Chapter V.
Luther’s Journey and Arrival at Worms.

Chapter VI.
Luther Before the Diet at Worms.

Chapter VII.
Luther Put Under the Ban of the Empire.
Book Seventh
Read

Protestantism in England, From the Times of Wicliffe to Those of Henry VIII.

Chapter I.
The First Protestant Martyrs in England.

Chapter II.
The Theology of the Early English Protestants.

Chapter III.
Growth of English Protestantism.

Chapter IV.
Efforts for the Redistribution of Ecclesiastical Property.

Chapter V.
Trial and Condemnation of Sir John Oldcastle.

Chapter VI.
Lollardism Denounced as Treason.

Chapter VII.
Martyrdom of Lord Cobham.

Chapter VIII.
Lollardism Under Henry V. and Henry VI.

Chapter IX.
Rome’s Attempt to Regain Dominancy in England.

Chapter X.
Resistance to Papal Encroachments.

Chapter XI.
Influence of the Wars of the Fifteenth Century on the Progress of
Protestantism.
Book Eighth.
Read

History of Protestantism in Switzerland from A.D. 1516 to  its Establishment
at Zurich, 1525.


Chapter I.
Switzerland—The Country and the People.

Chapter II.
Condition of Switzerland Prior to the Reformation

Chapter III.
Corruption of the Swiss Church.

Chapter IV.
Zwingle’s Birth and School-days.

Chapter V.
Zwingle’s Progress Towards Emancipation.

Chapter VI.
Zwingle in the Presence of the Bible.

Chapter VII.
Einsiedeln and Zurich.

Chapter VIII.
The Pardon-monger and the Plague.

Chapter IX.
Extension of the Reformation in Bern and other Swiss Towns.

Chapter X.
Spread of Protestantism in Eastern Switzerland.

Chapter XI.
The Question of Forbidden Meats.

Chapter XII.
Public Disputation at Zurich.

Chapter XIII.
Dissolution of Conventual and Monastic Establishments.

Chapter XIV.
Discussion on Images and the Mass.

Chapter XV.
Establishment of Protestantism in Zurich.
Book Ninth.
Read

History of Protestantism from the Diet of Worms, 1521, to the Augsburg Confession, 1530.

Chapter I.
The German New Testament.

Chapter II.
The Abolition of the Mass.

Chapter III.
Pope Adrian and His Scheme of Reform.

Chapter IV.
Pope Clement and the Nuremberg Diet.

Chapter V.1
Nuremberg.

Chapter VI.
The Ratisbon League and Reformation.

Chapter VII.
Luther’s Views on the Sacrament and Image-Worship.

Chapter VIII.
War of the Peasants.

Chapter IX.
The Battle of Pavia and its Influence on Protestantism.

Chapter X.
Diet at Spires, 1526, and League Against the Emperor.

Chapter XI.
The Sack of Rome.

Chapter XII.
Organisation of the Lutheran Church.

Chapter XIII.
Constitution of the Church of Hesse.

Chapter XIV.
Politics and Prodigies.

Chapter XV.
The Great Protest.

Chapter XVI.
Conference at Marburg.

Chapter XVII.
The Marburg Confession.

Chapter XVIII.
The Emperor, the Turk, and the Reformation.

Chapter XIX.
Meeting between the Emperor and Pope at Bologna.

Chapter XX.
Preparations for the Augsburg Diet.

Chapter XXI.
Arrival of the Emperor at Augsburg and Opening of the Diet.

Chapter XXII.
Luther in the Coburg and Melancthon at the Diet.

Chapter XXIII.
Reading of the Augsburg Confession.

Chapter XXIV.
After the Diet of Augsburg.

Chapter XXV.
Attempted Refutation of the Confession.

Chapter XXVI.
End of the Diet of Augsburg.

Chapter XXVII.
A Retrospect—1517-1530—Progress.
Book Tenth.
Read

Rise and Establishment of Protestantism in Sweden and Denmark

Chapter I.
Causes that Influenced the Reception or Rejection of Protestantism in the
Various Countries

Chapter II.
Fortunes of Protestantism South of the Alps.

Chapter III.
Introduction of Protestantism into Sweden.

Chapter IV.
Conference at Upsala.

Chapter V.
Establishment of Protestantism in Sweden.

Chapter VI.
Protestantism in Sweden, from Vasa (1530) to Charles IX. (1604).

Chapter VII.
Introduction of Protestantism into Denmark.

Chapter VIII.
Church-Song in Denmark.

Chapter IX.
Establishment of Protestantism in Denmark.

Chapter X.
Protestantism under Christian III., and its Extension to Norway and Iceland.
Book Eleventh.
Read

Protestantism in Switzerland from its Establishment in  Zurich (1525) to the
Death of Zwingle (1631).


Chapter I.
Zwingle—His Doctrine of the Lord’s Supper.

Chapter II.
Disputation at Baden and its Results.

Chapter III.
Outbreak and Suppression of Anabaptism in Switzerland.

Chapter IV.
Establishment of Protestantism at Bern.

Chapter V.
Reformation Consummated in Basle.

Chapter VI.
League of the Five Cantons with AustriaSwitzerland Divided.

Chapter VII.
Arms—NegotiationsPeace.

Chapter VIII.
Proposed Christian Republic for Defence of Civil Rights.

Chapter IX.
Gathering of a Second Storm.
Book Twelve
Read

Protestantism in Germany from the
Augsburg Confession

to the Peace of Passau.


Chapter I.
The Schmalkald League.

Chapter II.
The German Anabaptists, or the “Heavenly Kingdom.”

Chapter III.
Accession of Princes and States to Protestantism.

Chapter IV.
Death and Burial of Luther.

Chapter V.
The Schmalkald War, and Defeat of the Protestants.

Chapter VI.
The “Interim”—Re-establishment of Protestantism.